WAF final dissemination conference
22nd of May, 2017, New Academic Building, London School of Economics, London
This workshop brings internationally renowned scholars from across different disciplines – e.g., economics, sociology, business, organisational studies – and across the world – such as the US, the Netherlands, Germany and the UK, to discuss key emerging themes surrounding flexible working.
23rd of May, 2017, New Academic Building, London School of Economics, London
This workshop is the final dissemination conference of the WAF project where the access to and outcomes of flexible working has been examined using UK and European data. There will be a launch of the final report from the project, alongside three round table discussions focusing on some of the key areas surrounding flexible working and its outcomes.
Other Upcoming Events
23rd-24th of March 2017, University of Mannheim, Germany
Heejung Chung and Mariska van der Horst will present their findings from the WAF project “The consequences of flexible working and the role of gender and parental status in the UK”
4-6th April, University of Sheffield, UK
Heejung Chung will be presenting two papers based on the WAF project “Schedule flexibility as a gift or a right? Schedule control, work intensity and the importance of country contexts” and “Flexible working and consequence for work-life balance: importance of gender occupation and family context”
25-27th of May 2017, University of Milano, Italy
Heejung Chung is organising two session in the theme of “Gender differences in the consequences of flexible working” and will be presenting two papers in the sessions.
13th of February 2017, University of Kent, UK
Heejung Chung will present some findings for her lecture “Flexible Working: The way of the future”
WAF Project Third Policy Advisory Board Meeting
23rd November 2016 – London School of Economics
The third meeting of the Policy Advisory Board will bring together members from key national and international organisations representing both employers and employees, and non-governmental organisations. WAF Project Principal Investigator, Heejung Chung, will present initial findings of the research, and will discuss with the group plans for the final dissemination conference.
24th of October, 2016, University of Oxford, UK
Heejung Chung will present on a number of findings from the WAF project.
8th – 10th September 2016, University of Milano, Italy
Heejung Chung will be presenting two papers based on the WAF project “Flexible Working and Consequence for Work-Life Balance: Importance of Gender Occupation and Family Context ” and “Schedule Flexibility and Work-Family Conflict: The Importance of Country Contexts”
6th – 8th September, 2016, University of Leeds, UK
Mariska van der Horst will be presenting a paper based on the WAF project “Gendered discrepancies in the outcomes of flexible working: the case of overtime and income in the UK”
1st – 3rd September, 2016, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands
Heejung Chung will present a paper based on the WAF project “Schedule Flexibility and Work-Family Conflict: The Importance of Country Contexts”
10th – 14th July, 2016, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Mariska van der Horst has presented a paper based on the WAF project “Labour market intensity of mothers after childbirth on use and access to flexible working arrangements”
2016 Work, Family Researcher’s Network Conference on “Careers, Care, and Life-Course ‘Fit:’ Implications for Health, Equality, and Policy”
23rd -25th June, 2016 – Capital Hilton hotel, Washington DC, U.S.A.
Heejung Chung has organised two sessions “Symposium: The Economic and Public Policy of Work and Family” and “Thematic Session: Consequences of Flexible Working” and presented two papers based on the WAF project “Flexible Working and Consequence for Work-Life Balance: Importance of Gender Occupation and Family Context ” and “Schedule Flexibility and Work-Family Conflict: The Importance of Country Contexts”
31st of March – 1st of April 2016 – University of Kent, United Kingdom
Mariska van der Horst presented a paper based on the WAF project “Impact of access to flexible working arrangements on labour market intensity of mothers after child birth” in the Eastern ARC Workshop at University of Kent (link to ppt)
CERIC seminar series
25th November 2015 – University of Leeds, United Kingdom
Heejung presented a paper based on the WAF project – “High performance or family friendly strategies? Explaining the use and provision of flexitime across Europe” in the Leed’s Centre for Employment Relations, Innovation and Change Seminar Series.
3-5 September 2015 – University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
Heejung will present several papers, including “Crowding in or out of occupational welfare: Explaining the variation in the access to flexitime across 27 European countries” and “Inclusion of company level provision in the study of family policies: the case of schedule flexibility across Europe”.
27th August 2015 – University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Heejung will present “Crowding in or out of occupational welfare: Explaining the provision of flexitime across Europe”.
2-4 July 2015 – London School of Ecoomic, London, UK
Heejung presented her papers ” Explaining the provision of flexitime in companies across Europe (in the pre- and post-crisis Europe): role of national contexts”, and “Gendered nature of the provision and use of flexitime: when do women get access to flexitime?”
19-22 May 2015 – Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden
Heejung organised a symposium “The Gendered nature of flexible working” during this conference. The syposium consisted of papers from Heejung “Gendered nature of the provision and use of flexitime”, “Gendered nature of the cost and benefits of flexitime and autonomous hours ” Yvonne Lott (WSI), “Gender nature of the use and influence of part-time work on job satisfaction” Clare Lyonette (University of Warwich) and Tracy Warren(University of Nottingham), and “Working time regimes and gender inequality” Rosella Cicca(Queens University Belfast).
WAF Project Second Policy Advisory Board Meeting
13 March 2015 – London School of Economics
The second meeting of the Policy Advisory Board brought together members from key national and international organisations representing both employers and employees, and non-governmental organisations who research, advocate and implement labour market policy. WAF Project Principal Investigator, Heejung Chung, presented initial findings from the first phase of the research, examining provision of flexitime in companies across Europe and the gendered nature of flexitime.
Worldwide Universities Network “Flexible Careers Network” Workshop
14 November 2014 – University of Leeds, UK
Heejung presented her paper “Explaining the provision of flexitime in companies across Europe (pre- and post- crisis)”
4-6th September 2014 – Oslo, Norway
Heejung presented the first findings of the WAF project on which companies are more likely to provide flexitime to its workers and what can explain for this.
+ View Abstract
There is an increasing demand for a better balance between work and life for workers. Given the negative consequence of the lack of a better work-life balance can have on the individual, their families, company as well as for society (Blau, 1985; Dex and Scheibl, 2001; Greenhaus et al., 2006; Hammer et al., 2003) this is a demand that cannot be ignored. One way of simultaneously increasing work-life balance while keeping costs down for both governments and companies, is the use of flexible working-time arrangements (flexi-time). Flexi-time is gaining a major role in occupational welfare, but not much is known about its provision, especially at a cross-national comparative manner, due to lack of data.
This paper will examine the provision of flexi-time in companies across 30 European countries using the European Company Survey for 2004 and 2009. It will apply a multilevel modelling technique where companies are considered to be nested in countries and national and company level characteristics are included in the model simultaneously. The first question asked in this paper is which employers are the ones that provide flexi-time, and whether it can be explained by structural and/or agency factors. Due nature of the work done in the company as well as the financial and administrative capacity of the company, the provision of flexi-time will vary across companies of different sizes, sector and workforce composition (Chung, 2009; Golden, 2009). However, industrial relations systems within the company such as the existence of an employee representative body, social dialogue practices, and manager’s attitude towards work-life balance issues may better explain the provision (Seeleib-Kaiser and Fleckenstein, 2009). National context such as institutional frameworks, union strengths, cultural norms on work and gender relations and economic cycles can explain the cross-national differences in the extent to which flexi-time is provided (Berg et al., 2003; Chung, 2008). From this the question arises what can explain for the current level and the changes in the provision of flexi-time over the past 5 years.
Preliminary analysis results show that on average more than half of all companies with more than 10 employees have some sort of flexi-time arrangement in place in 2009. As expected both structural factors such as the sector of activity, whether it is a public sector, the size and workforce composition, as well as agency factors, existence of an ER and industrial relations characteristics can explain the provision of flexitime to certain degree. (The paper will go on to examine which factors can best explain the provision).
There are large cross-national variances in the number of companies that offer flexi-time and the number of workers covered by the scheme. There is evidence to show that the use of flexi-time has increased from 2004 to 2009 although the proportion of workforce covered within each company did not seem to increase dramatically. This indicates that there seems to be a limitation to applying flexi-time to certain sub sections of the workforce. The paper will go on to examine the role of the crisis, the development trends of family policies at the country level, and other factors in explaining the expansion of flexitime provision across countries.
8-9th September – Helsinki, Finland
The European Employers’ Forum will bring together employers from the private, public and third sectors to discuss family friendly workplace measures for offering a better work-life balance for their employees. The core focus of the Forum will be on sharing knowledge, developing good practices and identifying ways to take action and drive change on work-life balance strategies as well as programmes.
It was co-organised by Policy Advisory Board members COFACE.
WAF Project First Academic Advisory Board Meeting
WFRN Conference on Changing Work and Family Relationships in a Global Economy, 21st June 2014 – Millenium Broadway Hotel, New York City, NY, USA
The first meeting of the Academic Advisory Board will bring together leading researchers on issues of work, autonomy, work-life balance and flexible working from around the world. The Advisory Board will have the opportunity to provide feedback and help shape the research aims, objectives and methods to ensure that the Work, Autonomy, Flexibility Project delivers timely outputs for a range of stakeholders.
WAF Project First Policy Advisory Board Meeting
21 May 2014 – London School of Economics
The first meeting of the Policy Advisory Board will bring together members from key UK Government departments alongside national and international organisations representing both employers and employees, and non-governmental organisations who research, advocate and implement labour market policy. The Advisory Board will have the opportunity to provide feedback and help shape the research aims, objectives and methods to ensure that the Work, Autonomy, Flexibility Project delivers timely outputs for a range of stakeholders.
Eastern ARC conference
28th March 2014
Dr. Chung presented the first outline of this project during this conference.