This article examines the interaction between nation-level and organization-level variables in the provision of flexible working arrangements (FWA).
It finds that provision of FWA was positively associated with state support for combining work and family life. States where work assumed ‘cultural centrality’ were negatively associated with the provision of FWA.
Public sector and large organizations were more sensitive to state support and the cultural centrality of work than smaller and private sector organisations. Organisations with a greater proportion of female employees were less sensitive to state support.
The authors suggest that these findings demonstrate that organisational policies are affected by the national contexts in which they’re embedded, though organisational sensitivity may differ.
Den Dulk, Laura; Groeneveld, Sandra; Ollier-Malaterre, Ariane; Valcour, Monique (2013) “National context in work-life research: A multi-level cross-national analysis of the adoption of workplace work-life arrangements in Europe” European Management Journal, 31