Drawing from interviews with managers, public sector policy-makers and administrators, and union leaders, this article demonstrates that workers‘ control over working generic levitra effectiveness time is affected by
- the institutional and regulatory environment within the country
- labor market conditions
- management and labor union strategies
Employees in countries, such as Germany, Sweden and Netherlands, with extensive collective bargaining, high labour union density/coverage, and labour representatives focussed on working time issues, have increased collective control over working time.
Employee control over working time is unevenly distributed in countries with weaker labour institutions, and tends to reflect more closely the employers interests.
Berg, Peter; Appelbaum, Eileen; Bailey, Tom; and Kalleberg, Arne L. (2004) “Contesting Time: International Comparisons of Employee Control of Working Time” Industrial & Labor Relations Review, 57(3)
Available at: http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/ilrreview/vol57/iss3/1