Tag Archives: Working Time

The Murky Boundaries of the Modern Work Day – National Journal

This article notes that for many Americans the distinction between work and personal life is blurred, and that working hours can extend well into the evening. However, around 62% of surveyed workers said replied that they work the right number of hours, while 28% said that they would, ideally, scale back.

The main complaint, the article suggests, was uncertainty about of day-to-day schedules and overall hours worked. This unpredictability makes achieving work-life balance more difficult.

Read more at National Journal.

Why Millennials Should Get Used to Work-Life Imbalance – TIME

This article notes that ‘Millennials’ (those born from around the late 1980s) are used to a blurring of work and life. Whereas an 8 hour work day used to be standard, these young people often expect to be ‘always-on’, reachable by both work colleagues, and friends and family whatever time of day or night.

The author notes the advantages and disadvantages of this lifestyle – being able to fit work and personal life around each other, but never wholly having a separation between work and life. He then goes on to suggest that rather than trying to achieve work-life balance, people should instead attempt an integration of the two.

Read more at TIME.

Erratic Work Schedules Killing Work-Life Balance – Business News Daily

Reporting on research from the United States, this article notes that nearly half of young workers receive work schedules one week or less in advance. Moreover, these workers also have to deal with fluctuations in the number of working hours. Such conditions are particularly prevalent in low-wage occupations, such as food service.

This has implications for how employees organise other demands on their time, with negative effects on their ability to fulfil work and home obligations.

Read more on Business News Daily.

Determinants of Flexible Work — Considering Contexts

As part of the WAF Project we will provide succinct summaries to key academic resources. These resources are drawn from peer-reviewed journals, or were written by academics for government departments or other organisations with remits that cover work flexibility, autonomy and work-life balance.

These academic resources form an important part of the literature this project is engaging with. More than this, they also provide an overview of the most important contributions to, and the state-of-the-art in, current academic debates. Continue reading

Contesting Time: International Comparisons of Employee Control of Working Time – Peter Berg et al.

Drawing from interviews with managers, public sector policy-makers and administrators, and union leaders, this article demonstrates that workers‘ control over working time is affected by

  • the institutional and regulatory environment within the country
  • labor market conditions
  • management and labor union strategies

Employees in countries, such as Germany, Sweden and Netherlands, with extensive collective bargaining, high labour union density/coverage, and labour representatives focussed on working time issues, have increased collective control over working time.

Employee control over working time is unevenly distributed in countries with weaker labour institutions, and tends to reflect more closely the employers interests.

Berg, Peter; Appelbaum, Eileen; Bailey, Tom; and Kalleberg, Arne L. (2004) “Contesting Time: International Comparisons of Employee Control of Working Time” Industrial & Labor Relations Review, 57(3)

Available at: http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/ilrreview/vol57/iss3/1

How to End the Gender Pay Gap Once and for All – The Atlantic

Noting the 9% pay gap between men and women this article reports on economist Claudia Goldin’s contention that the most important factor in reducing gender inequality is for companies to see the benefits of work flexibility.

While men and women often enter the workforce earning equal wages, as they enter their 30s and 40s, men open up a big lead. Seniority in positions (and pay) comes with longer working hours that many women find hard to combine with other responsibilities.

Importantly, however, she notes that there needs to be a shift in attitudes towards both flexible working and the role of men in childcare.

Read more on The Atlantic.